?>?新闻?>?国内新闻 > 正文

委内瑞拉男篮大胜科特迪瓦

「神经经济学(Neuroeconomics)」在研究什么?

????谢 @Zampeli Diana 邀请。一句话定义神经经济学。神经经济学旨在为经济行为建立神经科学基础[1]。解释。所谓经济行为,在此特旨决策(Decision Making)。不止是传统意义上的经济决策或风险决策,更多其实包括了道德决策、在群体中的社会行为等。并且研究对象不局限于人类,也可以包括动物(常见的动物实验对象有鸽子、猩猩、甚至是机器人等)。由此可见,神经经济学尝试融合经济学,心理学,神经科学等学科。「传统」的经济学尝试运用数学、统计的方法对经济决策进行研究。然而,忽略了实现这些决策的过程所包含的心理或神经机制(mechanism)。「传统」的神经科学或心理学研究,大量地关注在对机制的研究。然而,往往忽略了人或动物运用这些机制的经济目标[2]。跨学科融合的一个最直观的好处就是我们可以对现有的经济模型提出准确的心理或神经元层次的描述。举个例子。比如,实验经济学发现人们的信任度和社会的富裕程度是正相关的:越富有的国家,人的信任度越高。这里的信任度是通过一个简单的「信任游戏」[2]来测量的:游戏分为2部分:阶段一,A 决定拿出手上 Y 块钱给 B。B 获得的钱将是 Y 的三倍。阶段二, B 决定在这翻了三倍的钱中拿出多少来还给 A 。通过这给予多少钱以及返还多少钱,实验者可以测量双方的信任程度。信任游戏刻画了现实生活中许多复杂的投资行为。B 不回馈 A 的现象,经济学家常描述为「产权保护不力」。在此基础上,通过扫描大脑,如果能进一步了解到这种信任行为的神经元机制,可以来扩展、验证已有的「人们的信任度和社会的富裕程度是正相关的」的发现。未来如果有详尽的实验论证,通过信任度指数来对宏观经济进行检测也是有很大潜力[3]。相关的领域。神经经济学自身作为一个新兴的交叉学科自然会与许多学科有重叠。对于精神病学研究:自闭症可以被理解为一种嫉妒厌恶背叛的偏好(上述信任游戏可以量化这一偏好)。忧郁症可以理解为过度看重损失。更多精神病学研究方面的神经经济学应用可以参考Gregor Hasler (2012) Can the neuroeconomics revolution revolutionize psychiatry? [5]对于人工智能研究:强化学习算法(Reinforcement learning)对多系统认知建模有巨大价值(即:基于模型的vs无模型的强化学习)。该算法也是人工智能领域其中一个核心算法。神经经济学可以提供算法的改进来进而帮助算法本身进行优化。人与人之间的互动模式的研究,同样可以推广到人与机器。近期的一个有趣的文章,研究了人触摸「人形机器人」的身体部位会不会产生如同触摸了真人的心理反应[6]。对于法学和公共治理:人机关系对于机器人立法有重大意义。同样,上述举例的信任与国家富裕程度的假说,也会影响到实际立法。西方各大国也是吹起了evidence-based policy新风。目前,奥巴马政府已经用总统令来运用行为科学的成果帮助设计有效的政策[7]。当然,还有很多相关的领域,比如哲学、社会学等等,这也是跨学科研究的魅力所在。可以把各个领域所长统一在同一个课题下。[1] About SNE | Society For Neuroeconomics[2] https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-moral-molecule/200811/neuroeconomics-explained-part-one[3] Bestiary of Behavioral Economics/Trust Game[4] Colin Camerer: Research: Neuroeconomics[5] http://neurosurgery.med.wayne.edu/pdfs/can_the_neuroeconomics_revolution_revolutionize_psychiatrymh_.pdf[6] Can Touching A Robot Elicit Physiological Arousal in Humans?[7] https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/09/15/executive-order-using-behavioral-science-insights-better-serve-american

xie Zampeli Diana yao qing. yi ju hua ding yi shen jing jing ji xue. shen jing jing ji xue zhi zai wei jing ji xing wei jian li shen jing ke xue ji chu 1. jie shi. suo wei jing ji xing wei, zai ci te zhi jue ce Decision Making. bu zhi shi chuan tong yi yi shang de jing ji jue ce huo feng xian jue ce, geng duo qi shi bao kuo le dao de jue ce zai qun ti zhong de she hui xing wei deng. bing qie yan jiu dui xiang bu ju xian yu ren lei, ye ke yi bao kuo dong wu chang jian de dong wu shi yan dui xiang you ge zi xing xing shen zhi shi ji qi ren deng. you ci ke jian, shen jing jing ji xue chang shi rong he jing ji xue, xin li xue, shen jing ke xue deng xue ke. chuan tong de jing ji xue chang shi yun yong shu xue tong ji de fang fa dui jing ji jue ce jin xing yan jiu. ran er, hu lue le shi xian zhei xie jue ce de guo cheng suo bao han de xin li huo shen jing ji zhi mechanism. chuan tong de shen jing ke xue huo xin li xue yan jiu, da liang di guan zhu zai dui ji zhi de yan jiu. ran er, wang wang hu lue le ren huo dong wu yun yong zhei xie ji zhi de jing ji mu biao 2. kua xue ke rong he de yi ge zui zhi guan de hao chu jiu shi wo men ke yi dui xian you de jing ji mo xing ti chu zhun que de xin li huo shen jing yuan ceng ci de miao shu. ju ge li zi. bi ru, shi yan jing ji xue fa xian ren men de xin ren du he she hui de fu yu cheng du shi zheng xiang guan de: yue fu you de guo jia, ren de xin ren du yue gao. zhe li de xin ren du shi tong guo yi ge jian dan de xin ren you xi 2 lai ce liang de: you xi fen wei 2 bu fen: jie duan yi, A jue ding na chu shou shang Y kuai qian gei B. B huo de de qian jiang shi Y de san bei. jie duan er, B jue ding zai zhe fan le san bei de qian zhong na chu duo shao lai huan gei A . tong guo zhe ji yu duo shao qian yi ji fan huan duo shao qian, shi yan zhe ke yi ce liang shuang fang de xin ren cheng du. xin ren you xi ke hua le xian shi sheng huo zhong xu duo fu za de tou zi xing wei. B bu hui kui A de xian xiang, jing ji xue jia chang miao shu wei chan quan bao hu bu li. zai ci ji chu shang, tong guo sao miao da nao, ru guo neng jin yi bu liao jie dao zhe zhong xin ren xing wei de shen jing yuan ji zhi, ke yi lai kuo zhan yan zheng yi you de ren men de xin ren du he she hui de fu yu cheng du shi zheng xiang guan de de fa xian. wei lai ru guo you xiang jin de shi yan lun zheng, tong guo xin ren du zhi shu lai dui hong guan jing ji jin xing jian ce ye shi you hen da qian li 3. xiang guan de ling yu. shen jing jing ji xue zi shen zuo wei yi ge xin xing de jiao cha xue ke zi ran hui yu xu duo xue ke you chong die. dui yu jing shen bing xue yan jiu: zi bi zheng ke yi bei li jie wei yi zhong ji du yan wu bei pan de pian hao shang shu xin ren you xi ke yi liang hua zhe yi pian hao. you yu zheng ke yi li jie wei guo du kan zhong sun shi. geng duo jing shen bing xue yan jiu fang mian di shen jing jing ji xue ying yong ke yi can kao Gregor Hasler 2012 Can the neuroeconomics revolution revolutionize psychiatry? 5 dui yu ren gong zhi neng yan jiu: qiang hua xue xi suan fa Reinforcement learning dui duo xi tong ren zhi jian mo you ju da jia zhi ji: ji yu mo xing de vs wu mo xing de qiang hua xue xi. gai suan fa ye shi ren gong zhi neng ling yu qi zhong yi ge he xin suan fa. shen jing jing ji xue ke yi ti gong suan fa de gai jin lai jin er bang zhu suan fa ben shen jin xing you hua. ren yu ren zhi jian de hu dong mo shi de yan jiu, tong yang ke yi tui guang dao ren yu ji qi. jin qi de yi ge you qu de wen zhang, yan jiu le ren chu mo ren xing ji qi ren de shen ti bu wei hui bu hui chan sheng ru tong chu mo le zhen ren de xin li fan ying 6. dui yu fa xue he gong gong zhi li: ren ji guan xi dui yu ji qi ren li fa you zhong da yi yi. tong yang, shang shu ju li de xin ren yu guo jia fu yu cheng du de jia shuo, ye hui ying xiang dao shi ji li fa. xi fang ge da guo ye shi chui qi le evidencebased policy xin feng. mu qian, ao ba ma zheng fu yi jing yong zong tong ling lai yun yong xing wei ke xue de cheng guo bang zhu she ji you xiao de zheng ce 7. dang ran, hai you hen duo xiang guan de ling yu, bi ru zhe xue she hui xue deng deng, zhe ye shi kua xue ke yan jiu de mei li suo zai. ke yi ba ge ge ling yu suo zhang tong yi zai tong yi ge ke ti xia. 1 About SNE Society For Neuroeconomics 2 https: www. psychologytoday. com blog themoralmolecule 200811 neuroeconomicsexplainedpartone 3 Bestiary of Behavioral Economics Trust Game 4 Colin Camerer: Research: Neuroeconomics 5 http: neurosurgery. med. wayne. edu pdfs can_the_neuroeconomics_revolution_revolutionize_psychiatrymh_. pdf 6 Can Touching A Robot Elicit Physiological Arousal in Humans? 7 https: www. whitehouse. gov thepressoffice 2015 09 15 executiveorderusingbehavioralscienceinsightsbetterserveamerican

当前文章:http://www.sxrltlz.com/3x09xv5/23627-112176-62412.html

发布时间:01:08:02


{相关文章}

违规收受礼金、公款旅游,淮北师范大学一学院院长被撤职

????

安徽省纪委监委驻省教育厅纪检监察组通报,淮北师范大学化学与材料科学学院原院长孙登明违开学第一课一共播多少_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器规收受礼金、公款旅游等问题。2014五星红旗第一课的读后感_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器年至2018年,孙登明在婚丧事宜中违规收受化学与材料科学学院部分教职工礼金11900元周琦波兰球迷_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器。2017年,孙登明借出差之机公款旅游,并携家属同行。2017年至2018年,孙登明以办公费名义中国男篮世界杯武汉战_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器购买、报销白酒9050元国网我与祖国共奋进_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器用于公务接待。201中国男篮世界杯消息_蜘蛛365棋牌老虎机小玛丽有单机版吗_开元棋牌注册送365彩金_365棋牌游戏破解器9年7月,孙登明受到党内严重警告处分,免去院长职务。